Every Man's Companion: Or, An Useful Pocket-Book http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk The Travel Journal of Dr Martin Lister (1639-1712) Fri, 16 Oct 2015 12:54:38 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.9.1 Martin Lister, Money Matters http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1805 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1805#comments Wed, 05 Dec 2012 10:57:11 +0000 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1805 Lister wrote in Folios 4-7 of his pocketbook:

From Bourdeaux to Mont-pelier. 27 lv.[1] to

Nismes 6 li [2] to

Avignon. 4 li  to

Arles. 1 li  to Aix 7 li

Received in all.                 770 li

Expended upon the

roade                                  1369 li


rem.                                     403

Sept. 27th returned from Bordeaux a bill of 300 lb which I had payed me at Montpelier upon my return out of Provence[3]

December the 22 a bill 150 lb returned me from Bourdeaux by Camby.

August 14 \1665/ a bill of 122 £ returned me from Bourdeaux by Kerby.

August 11th 1663 When I left England I returned to Burwell 84 crownes.[4] I had left in my pocket

when I took Skippon[5] thither at Gravesend 7 Jacobuss[6]besides neere 40 shill in Silver. put a 100 lb. fr.

returned me from England a bill of 40 Cr. and soon after an other of 50 both which I received by bill of Exch. at Montpellier.

Montpellier. February 30 received by bill of Ex from Bourdeaux. 50 lv.

whereof it cost me when  I was upon the roade from B to Bordeaux 90 lv.


[1] Livre. In unit terms, the livre corresponds to the English pound sterling, the l.s.d. of pre-decimal UK currency representing the livre-sou-denier equation, which had 12 deniers to the sou, and 20 sous to the livre.

[2]  Thoughout, Lister indicates a £ by li.  A crossed li was later formalized into the pound sign.

[3] Lister is describing a bill of exchange.  According to the OED, A written order by the writer or ‘drawer’ to the ‘drawee’ (the person to whom it is addressed) to pay a certain sum on a given date to the ‘drawer’ or to a third person named in the bill, known as the ‘payee’. A true bill of exchange is given in consideration of value received (and this is usually stated upon the bill), but a bill is sometimes drawn, not against value received, but merely as a means of raising money on credit, and is then known as an accommodation bill.

[4] A crown was worth five shillings. Lister brought back £21 to Burwell after his travels.  The crown was also equal to a French êcu or French crown.

[6] The Jacobus is an English gold coin of the reign of James I, with 25 shillings (a pound and five shillings).

French sol or sou, Reign of Louis XV, Wikipedia

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Martin Lister, My Correspondence http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1777 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1777#comments Tue, 04 Dec 2012 16:13:40 +0000 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1777 Lister kept an ongoing record of his correspondence received and sent in folios 1-4 of his pocketbook, noting that My letters to be sent to ‘Mr Sharps Queens head in Fleet Street. To be left with Msrs. Capel and Kerby’

Lister continued in his pocketbook:

To my Lady M. Pye[1]

my mother[2]


To  Sir William Hartoppe.[3] Weymouth

To my \br:/ Mich: Lister. Weymouth

To Rob: Grove.[4] Weymouth


To Mr Sharpe[5]

To Mr Briggs.[6]}  8br. 2d 1663, Gurnsey


To Mr Sharpe

To My B. Will [7]

To my B. Mich[8]  9ber[9] 9th. 1663 Bordeaux.


To Mr. Sharpe   Bordeaux 9ber. 16th 1663 by M. Camby bound for England

To my b. Will

To my b. Mich

To M Briggs


to M. Briggs. Bordeaux. 9ber. 16th. Post.


For my mother

For my Lady hartoppe[10]

For M. Peck[11]  in the Sam[e] Packet,  Bordeaux. Nov. 22.


Post Bordeaux. Nov. 23.

For my Brother Will

To M. Sharpe

To M. Peck


To M. Bataliers[12]. 9ber. 26



Bordeaux. December 23d 1663

To M. Sharpe enclosed in M. Torreaines Lettres by Mssrs Capel and Kerby.


To Mr. Sharpe.

To my Lady M[other]. lincl.[13]


to Mr Faithorne att the blacke

Spread Eagle on Fleet=bridge[14]

To my brother Will: Enclosed.


Bordeaux December 28th 1663

Enclosed in Mr. Cambys to his Brother. To my b. Will.


Received from my b. Will London of the 27. Nov. English shells[15]


To my br. Will. Bordeaux

December. 30. Fr. st. [French style][16]


From M. Battaliers at Marseilles

December 15  Fr. St.


from Toulose  M. Camby.

January 19th 1664

Montpellier. M Camby.


To by b. Will

M. Sharpe  Montp. Feb. 9. 1664

and my L[ady]. mother


To my b. Will}  Montpellier

To M. P and Mr. G.[17]  Feb. 23. 1664

To M. Briggs

To M. Camby


To M. Camby  my b. Will.

Enclosed. 15 Mar


To Mr. Pecke   Vinsennes[18] May 6

Mr. Grove

Mr Sharpe


To my b. Will   May 10 Vinsennes

My Lady

b. Mich


To M. Briggs  Arles June 10


To my b. Will  Aix June 20

M. Peck. August 13th

To my Father [19] Montp. August 1664


To M. Sharpe. 7br. 16th


Oct. 7th

To my br. W[ill].

To my L.H.[20]

To my M[other].



To my b. Mich

To my Lady

To Mr. Briggs

To Dr Guning[21]

To Mr. Pecke

To my B. Will


To my b. Will  janvier 1665

To my B. Rich.[22]

[1]  The first letter is to Lady Pye. Lister’s younger sister Jane married Hugh Allington on 26 June 1671.  Their only surviving daughter, Barbara, married Richard Pye, a younger grandson of Sir Robert Pye of Faringdon, Berkshire (1585-1662).  Sir Robert Pye was an M.P. as was Lister’s father, Sir Martin Lister, and both were in the Long Parliament; this may have been how the families were acquainted.

[2] Susanna Lister née Temple (d. ca. 1669), Lister’s mother.  The letter was sent to or from her estate in Burwell, Lincolnshire.

[3] Sir William Hartopp (d. ca 1700) of Rotherby, Leicestershire, who was married to Lister’s half-sister Agnes Lister Hartopp (1630-1667).  Lister also corresponded with their daughter and his niece  Dorothy or “Doll” Hartopp.

[4] Presumably Robert Grove (c. 1634-1696) who seemed to be a bit of a gradual as well as graduate student at St. John’s College, Cambridge where he became acquainted with Lister; Grove was admitted as a pensioner in 1652, gaining his BA in 1657, then was made a fellow in 1659, proceeding MA in 1660, earned a bachelor of divinity in 1667, and finally received his Doctorate of Divinity in 1681.  Grove would eventually become Bishop of Chichester, but at the time of this letter, he was chaplain to Humphrey Henchman, Bishop of London.  See Grove’s letter to Lister of 9 December 1667, Bodl. MS Lister 3, fols 112-113.

[5] It is uncertain who Mr Sharpe was.  One Thomas Sharpe matriculated at St. John’s College Cambridge in 1659, one year after Lister was made a fellow there, receiving his M.A. in 1667.

[6] Thomas Briggs (ca. 1633-1713) was a fellow and junior bursar at St. John’s College, Cambridge from 1661-62, and senior bursar from 1662-1668.  Bodl. MS Lister 3 contains several of their letters whilst Lister was in Montpellier.

[7] William Lister, Lister’s brother, and son of Sir Martin Lister and Susanna Lister, née Temple.

[8] Presumably Lister’s eldest brother Michael (bur. Burwell Park 20 October 1678), who would inherit the Burwell Estate in 1670. On 25 August 1659, Michael married Anne Burrell Peers, widow of Thomas Peers of Alverston, Warwick.

[9] 9ber is September.

[10] Presumably Lister’s half-sister Agnes Lister Hartopp (1630-1667).

[11] John Peck (1639-82) was admitted as a sizar at St. John’s College, Cambridge in 1655, receiving his BA in 1659/60, and his MA in 1663.  He was an esquire bedell from 1669 to 1682, a junior ceremonial officer of a university, usually with official duties relating to the conduct of ceremonies for the conferment of degrees. He was made a fellow in 1660. The seventeenth-century shelf list of the library of St. John’s College, Cambridge notes:  ‘list books ‘from Dr Gower bought out of Mr Peck’s Library’, giving author, title, number of volumes, format, and price. The total expenditure is given as 53 pounds and 9 shillings. These items may relate to John Peck (BA 1659-60, fellow 1660, d. 1682)’. See St John’s College U.3, Shelf list of St John’s College Library, Cambridge, with a record of later donations and purchases.  English and Latin, 1634-90, Special Collections. http://www.joh.cam.ac.uk/st-johns-college-u3  [Accessed 31 July 2012]. Peck’s short biography is in Venn, Alum. Cantab, pt. 1, vol 3, p. 333.  There are two letters of Peck to Lister extant in Bodl. MS. Lister 3, fols. 199-201.

[12] This may have been the ‘Mr Bat’, captain of the frigate Dove, mentioned in this pocketbook.

[13] Lincoln or Lincolnshire.  The manor home of the Listers was in Burwell, Lincolnshire.

[14] This was the pub, the Black Spread Eagle, or Stationer’s House against St. Dunstan’s Church, in Fleet Street. See Henry A. Harben, A Dictionary of London (London, 1718), s.v. ‘Black Spread Eagle’.  The pub was more properly in Bride Lane, off of the Fleet, and was mentioned by Samuel Pepys in his diary entry of 7 September 1663.

[15] Lister apparently had his brother Will forwarding him specimens for his natural history studies.  Lister would go to found the field of conchology.

[16] Stilo novo dating (Gregorian calendar), as opposed to England’s Julian calendar.

[17] John Peck and Robert Grove.

[18] Vincennes.

[19] Sir Martin Lister (1602-1670) politician and landowner in Buckinghamshire and Lincolnshire who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1648.

[20] Possibly Lady Hartopp.  This could have been Agnes Lister Hartopp, Lister’s half-sister, or Dorothy “Doll” Hartopp, Lister’s niece.

[21] Peter Gunning (1614-1684), from 1661, Master of St John’s College, Cambridge, where Lister was a fellow.  In the same year, Gunning was elected Regius Professor of Divinity, and was later Bishop of Ely in 1675. Gunning was a Royalist, serving Charles I in the royal court at Oxford during the English Civil War at the same time Lister’s great uncle Matthew was Royal Physician.  As Martin Lister later received his fellowship by royal mandate at the Restoration, there may have been a political connection or connection of patronage between them.

[22] Lister’s eldest half-brother Richard (b. 1628) of Thorpe Arnold, Buckinghamshire. He was the son of Sir Martin Lister and his first wife Mary Wenman.

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Martin Lister, Montpellier, August 1664 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1766 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1766#comments Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:59:31 +0000 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1766 Dr. Joly wanted us at in his Vineyard . . .[for] entertaiments . . .

There was alsoe in our company a French man in our Company that fained a voice from his stomach, which was heard of us, although it came a great way off and which way soever he turned his head, it seemed to come younceward: or if he lifted it upwards, out of the aire; if downe. out of the ground.

this he did soe strangely that he affrighted a Nurce of the next M[on]esterie into offa great passion which had been of ill consequence, but that he \soe did mainly/ disabuse her [1] out of hand  He had at certaine times imposed upon the whole citte at Montpelier in a body and upon the most \[two words]/ in particular.

He \had/ made Pagans[2] stripp them selves starke-naked and made others fall upon their knees severall times in 10 paces going.  He was learnt it at Paris and though he lived in Italie 16 yeares durst nev[e]r partise[3]afeard the Inquisition.

[1] Clearly a ventriloquist.

[2] Pagan could mean uncivilized, but in early modern parlance, it was also a euphemism for a prostitute.

[3] Practice.


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Martin Lister, Arles, Marseilles, and Montpellier, June-26 August 1664 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1757 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1757#comments Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:42:05 +0000 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1757 The beginning of June I happily meet with D.P.[1] & my Cousin Soames[2] at Arles

June 16th I came to Marseilles which I left after 8 dayes and returned to Nismes en suite

August 26th again to Montpelier

[1] D.P. is probably Doctor [Henry] Paman (1626-1695), as he was reported by Philip Skippon as part of a group of English expatriates resident in Venice, Rome, and Tivoli in 1664/5. Paman was Lister’s former tutor in medicine at Cambridge.

[2] Skippon also reported one “Mr Soames” travelling with Paman.  This was presumably Barnham Soame (b. 1626).  Soame, from Little Thurlow in Suffolk, who had a son of the same name who graduated at St John’s College, Cambridge in 1681/2 and became a fellow there in 1693 after taking his M.D. (Venn, Alumni Cantab. 1V, p. 119).  Soame was credited for his botanical contributions in the preface of John Ray’s Methodus Plantarum (1682).  See Charles Raven, John Ray: naturalist (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986), 217. See Skippon,  A Journey, 506, 650, 674.

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Martin Lister, Nîmes to Provence, 10 May to 16 June 1664 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1751 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1751#comments Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:06:01 +0000 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1751 Left Nimes May 10

Avignon 13 chez M. de Pailleu à Arles. 17.

The Caymargue[1] and the Crau[2]

The Crau is commended for the wine that grows therin.  It is a greasey or juicey wine; which may, since the quantitie of them  is soe great, give a particular concoction to the nourishment of the vine.  V.[ide] my Lord Bacons S. Sil.[3]

The Crau though extremely barren is washt. the Caymarque

Left Arles June the 16th I \lodged at/ through [[two words]] the night and next day dined at Aix.[4]

[1] The Camargue, the delta of the River Rhône, which is primarily wetland.

[2] La Crau is just east of the Grand Rhone, and is a dry and treeless plateau.  The plateau of La Crau has the appellation of Chateauneuf du Pape, its terroir characterized by round pebbles from the Rhône, and a layer of blue clay that regulates humidity in summer. The terroir produces strongly characteristic and highly prized wines, deep and complex.  When Lister refers to ‘quantity of them’ he may have been referring to the huge quantities of stones under the vines, which concentrate the heat around the plants and promote ripening and sugar production.

[3] Francis Bacon, Sylva Sylvarum, or, a naturall historie (London: J.H., 1626), 119 and 160.  Bacon noted that wine can possess a type of oiliness, and that the lees of wine were a good compost to increase the ‘lust or spirit of the root’.

[4] The distance between Arles and Aix is 50 miles, so Lister would have been travelling quickly, as it is at the outer limit that a forced horse can travel.


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Martin Lister, Montpellier to Nîmes, 30 March-1 April 1664 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1717 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1717#comments Tue, 04 Dec 2012 14:05:33 +0000 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1717 I left Montpellier Mars 30. and came to lodge at M. F. at Nismes. Apr. 1.


Dijs Manibus

Corneliae Grat[ae]

T. Connius Silanus



D.  M.

Cattij Achillei

Julia Severina

Marito Optimo[2]

[1] This is an epitaph for a small Roman tombstone with a base and crown that Lister must have seen at Nîmes.  The Inscription reads ‘Diis Manibus Corneliae Cratae T[itus] Connius Silanus Uxori’.  According to Eugène Germer-Durand, the tomb was originally near the basion of the Porte de la Couronne, before being moved to the Jardine Séguier near the Porte d’Auguste and finally was placed in the Musée d’Archéologie in Nimes. See Germer-Durand, Inscriptions antiques de Nìmes (E. Privat, 1893), 662. The inscription was noted by Jean Poldo d’Albenas, Discours historial de l’antique et illustre cité de Nismes, en la Gaule (Lyon: Guillaume Roville, 1559), 173; it was also illustrated by Janus Gruter, described as being in Nîmes in his Inscriptiones antiquae totius orbis roman (Amsterdam: Franciscus Halma, 1707), vol. 2, 776, image one.

[2] This is an epitaph for a small Roman tombstone with a base and crown that Lister must have seen at  Nîmes. The epitaph reads ‘Diis Manibus C. Attii Achillei; Iulia Severina marito optimo’. According to Germer-Durand, the tomb was originally near the basion of the Porte de la Couronne, before being moved to the Jardine Séguier near the Porte d’ Auguste and finally was placed in the Musée d’Archéologie in Nimes. See Germer-Durand, Inscriptions antiques de Nìmes, 590. The first notice of its epigraphy was in Jean Poldo d’Albenas, Discours historial de l’antique et illustre cité de Nismes, en la Gaule173.

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Martin Lister, Notes on Montpellier, January 1664 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1702 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1702#comments Tue, 04 Dec 2012 13:00:47 +0000 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1702 I came to my Lodging at M. Fargeons maistre Apothecaire[1] vis a vis Ch. Bl[2]  the 18 January 1664 à Montpellier

Here at Montpellier They carry out their dung with their Coach horses harnessed -

Castelnau d’ arry.[3]

M. told me upon discovery that I was a P[rotestant]. il y a des honetes gens de toutes Rel. et des toutes nations[4]

M. de Castres Governeur[5]

[1] As typical to medical students at the time, Lister lodged with an apothecary, one Monsieur Jean Fargeon, to learn by informal instruction the names and preparations of particular drugs. These informal observations would be in addition to the more structured and theoretical education he would receive in lectures, as the study of the chemical and botanical pharmacopoeia and the study of medicine were inseparable at this time.

[2]Cheval Blanc.  The Fargeon’s shop was on the nearby Grand Rue (now the Grand Rue Jean Moulin), across from the Traverse des Grenadiers.

[3] The commune Castelnaudary in the Aude, Languedoc, which comes from the Occitan Castèlnòu d’Arri.  Lister probably travelled through it on the way to Montpellier as it is midway between Villefranche-de-Lauragais and Carcassone.

[4] ‘There are honest men of all religions in all nations’.

[5] René-Gaspard, the Marquis de Castries, the lieutenant-general and governor of Montpellier.


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Martin Lister, 6-16 January 1664 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1681 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1681#comments Tue, 04 Dec 2012 12:55:52 +0000 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1681 January 6 I left Bordeaux. lay at Cadillac. 7 at Mirmande[1]

8 at Lusinian[2] B. 9 at Magistere[3] B. 10. Finian[4] 11 Tolose.[5] 12 Villa France[6]. 13 Carcassonne 14. Narbonne. 15 Pezenas.[7] 16 Montpellier

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Martin Lister in Bordeaux, 30 October 1663 to 6 January 1664 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1675 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1675#comments Tue, 04 Dec 2012 12:40:30 +0000 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1675 Lister stayed in Bordeaux throughout the winter. On folio 2 of his pocketbook, he noted:

8ber 30. came to my lodgings at M. Feuilles Rue della Roschelles à Bordeaux

On folios 17 and 18 of his pocketbook, he then observed:

the wines which they \call/ at Bordeaux vin de graves[1] is that which groweth in pebly ground and it is there observed that the earth which is fullest of small white pebles produceth the best wines.[2]

The ground on this side the river is very low and hath affordeth much better wines than the other, which is mountainous. the wines on the other side if \they/ be of redde plantes, as [[met in]] that are observe[d] of a darke colour: and it is observed that white plantes on such ground produce the best white wines.[3]

[1] Lister may have been referring to the region of Pessac-Leógnan within the Vin de Graves, which has received a separate appellation for the traditional superiority of its soil, predominated by deep ancient gravel banks.   On 10 April 1663, Samuel Pepys wrote in his diary that he drank a ‘French wine called Ho Bryan that hath a good and most particular taste that I ever met with’.  Pepys apparently tasted a wine at the Royall Oak Tavern in the heart of London called Haut-Brion, from the leading Pessac-Leógnan chateaux in the region.   See Oz Clarke, Oz Clarke’s Wine Atlas, 2nd edition (London: Ted Smart, 2002), 42.

[2] Oz Clarke notes that in the times of Pepys, most Graves wine would certainly have been red; he states, ‘even today, Pessac-Leógnan has a reputation for producing good red in less good years because its ability to ripen Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot grapes that little bit earlier, before the autumn winds sweep in off the Bay of Biscay’.  White Graves, by contrast, were made by Sémillon and Sauvignon grapes. See Clarke, Oz Clarke’s Wine Atlas, 43.

[3] The Graves region begins north of Bordeaux, at the Jalle De Blanquefort, the southern boundary of the Médoc.   It continues through the city for 35 miles, ending south of Langon.


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Martin Lister, 23-30 October 1663, stilo novo http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1638 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1638#comments Mon, 03 Dec 2012 11:27:03 +0000 http://lister.modhist.ox.ac.uk/?p=1638 we passed through Montaigu[1] and Lay at St.[2] to 23d

Remouille.[3] St. Folgent[4] Chantoné[5] to \lay at/ Thirey[6]

L. Rochelle.[7] Tonne buttone.[8]  Taille-bourg[9] St. Sauvien.[10] Saintes[11] blois[12]


October 30 1663.

[2] Presumably Saint-Hilaire-de-Loulay, a village in between Montaigu and Remouillé

[11] Saintes.  The image above is of the Saintes Riverfront.

[12] Presumably the commune of Bois, in the Charente-Maritime department

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